Peran Sat Intelkam dalam Penggalangan Organisasi Masyarakat Uslam Nasional untuk Mencegah Radikalisme

  • Farros Oktorofi Akademi Kepolisian Indonesia
Keywords: Promotion, Nationalist Islam, Radicalism, Community Policing, Intelligence Unit

Abstract

This research is motivated by the not yet maximum mobilization of Nationalist Islamic Organizations such as NU and Muhammadiyah in an effort to prevent radical Islamic movements in the Cimahi Regional Police Legal Area. Even though the strength of these mass organizations can prevent the radical Islamic Movement of Pro-violence and Pro-intolerance in the Legal Area of Cimahi Regional Police. The rise of the radical Islamic movement is marked by the emergence of names from the region which are already joined by a large terrorist group network and have even become suicide bombing actors, the existence of FPI and HTI mass organizations, and the emergence of lone wolf cases. Therefore, a study was carried out aimed at finding out the picture of raising Islamic Nationalist Organizations in the Legal Area of the Cimahi Regional Police conducted by Satintelkam, describing the implementation of Polmas Model B by Satintelkam, as well as the factors affecting the policy environment.
This research was conducted with a qualitative approach, using descriptive analysis research methods, as well as data collection techniques with interviews, observations, and document studies.
The results of the study found that the Nationalist Islamic Community Organizations Organization which was analyzed by Law No. 16 of 2017 Article 40 found that the implementation of Community Organizing had been carried out but not yet optimal. However, if the Nationalist Islamic Community Organization is analyzed using National Police Chief Regulation No. 3 of 2015 Article 11 regarding the implementation of Model B Polmas through intensification of the activities of the police technical functions, it is found that the Police intelligence intelligence unit has not understood the procedures for implementing Polmas Model B through its units because SOPs and lack of socialization. While the inhibiting factors are political, technological, social and natural weather factors. While the supporting factors are culture, economy, history and other policies.
Based on the results of the study, the authors suggest several things, namely socialization of community policing, completing SOPs, adding and placing personnel according to the needs of the number and ability, increasing the ability of media technology, and reviving Kominda cooperation.

 

References

Buku:

Ahmed, S. Akbar. 2003. Rekonstruksi Sejarah Islam Di Tengah Pluralitas Agama dan Peradaban. Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka.

Anggara, Sahya. 2014. Kebijakan Publik. Bandung: Pustaka Setia

Bahri. 2008. Konsep dan Definisi Konseptual. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada: Jakarta

Buku pedoman pelatihan Polmas. 2006. Jakarta: Polri.

Bruce, Steve. 2000. Fundamentalisme: Pertautan Sikap Keberagaman dan Modernitas. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Boli Sabon, Max. 2012. Ilmu Negara. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Daulay, Haidar Putra. 2006. Pemberdayaan Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Dawisha, Adeed. 1986. The Arab Radicals. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2008. KBBI IV. Jakarta: PT.Gramedia Pustaka Tama.

Gellner. Ernest. 1981. Muslim Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Golose, Petrus Reinhard.2014.Deradikalisasi Terorisme. Jakata: Yayasan Pengembangan Ilmu Kepolisian.

Gomes, Faustino Cardoso.2003.Manajemen SDM. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Hasibuan, Malayu S.P.2014.Manajemen. Jakarta:Bumi Aksara.

Husein Umar, 2004, Metode Penelitian Untuk Skripsi Dan Tesis Bisnis, Cet ke 6. Jakarta : PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Jainuri, Achmad. 2016. Radikalisme dan Terorisme Akar Ideologi dan Tuntutan Aksi. Surabya: Intrans Publishing.

Kamil, Pof. Dr. Sukron Kamil, Pemikiran Politik Islam Tematik, Jakarta, Kencana, 2013.

Kansil S.H., Prof. Drs. C.S.T., Empat Pilar Berbangsa dan Bernegara, Jakarta, Rineka Cipta, 2011.

Ka’bah, Dr. Rifyal, Partai Allah, Partai Setan, Partai Raja, Agama Allah, Yogyakarta, Suluh Press, 2005.

KH. Agil Siradj, Radikalisme, Hukum dan Dakwah, Republika edisi 3 Oktober 2011.

KH Abdulrahman Wahid, Ilusi Negara Islam: Ekspansi Gerakan Islam Transnasional di Indonesia, Jakarta, LibForAll Foundation, 2009.

Moleong, Lexy J. 2012. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nashir, Haedar, Islam Syariat – Reproduksi Salafiyah Ideologis di Indonesia, Jakarta, Maarif Institute, 2013.

Nugroho, Riant. 2014. Public Policy. Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo

Sapdi, Rohmat Mulyana. 2015. Radikalisme Islam Nusantara. Jakarta : Litbangdiklat.

Soekanto, Soerjono. 2012. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo

Sugiyono. 2014. Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung:CV.Alfabeta

Sumodiningrat, Gunawan. 1999. Pemberdayaan masyarakat dan jaring pengaman sosial. Gramedia. Jakarta.
Sunarko, A.Dwi Hendro. 2006. Ideologi Teroris Indonesia. Jakarta:Grafika Indah

Suwardji, dkk.2003. Kamus Istilah Intelijen. Jakarta:Panca darma sejati

Setara Institute. 2015. Dari Radikalisme Menuju Terorisme. Jakarta: Pustaka Masyarakat Setara.


Penelitian:

Abdullah, Anzar.2016.Gerakan Radikalsime Dalam Islam: Perspektif Historis. Dalam ADDIN. Vol. 10 (1), halaman 1-25.

Hadi, Fauzi Lukita. 2016. “Respon Elit Muhammadiyah Terhadap Gerakan Islam Radikal di Kota Makassar”. UIN Makassar.

Limy, Indah. 2003. Radikalisme Agama Sebagai Salah Satu Bentuk Perilaku Menyimpang: Studi Kasus Front Pembela Islam. Dalam Jurnal Kriminologi Indonesia. Vol. 3 (1), halaman 43-57.

Prabowo, Yunanto Kukuh. 2017. “Upaya Deradikalisasi Satuan Intelkam Dalam Mencegah Radikalisme di Wilayah Hukum Polres Kudus”. Akademi Kepolisian.

Spalek, Basla dan Lambert Robert. 2008. “Muslim communities, counter-terrorism and counter-radicalisation: a critically reflective approach to engagement”. Dalam International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice. Edisi 36 (4), halaman 257-270.


Undang-Undang dan Peraturan:

Undang-Undang RI Nomor 2 Tahun 2002 tentang Polri

Undang-Undang RI Nomor 16 Tahun 2017 tentang Ormas

Peraturan Kapolri Nomor 23 Tahun 2010 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Cara Kerja Satuan-satuan Organisasi Polri

Peraturan Kapolri Nomor 3 Tahun 2015 tentang Polmas

Buku Panduan Promoter Kapolri Tahun 2016

Peraturan Kepala Badan Intelijen Keamanan Polri Nomor 3 Tahun 2013 tentang Penggalangan Intelijen

Peraturan Kepala Badan Intelijen Keamanan Polri Nomor 5 Tahun 2013 tentang Pembentukan dan Pembinaan Jaring (Tukbinjar) Intelijen

SOP Tukbinjar Intelijen Satintelkam Polres Cimahi

cut, [17.06.20 05:51]
SOP Penggalangan Intelijen Polres Cimahi



Jejaring Sosial:

Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia, Sistem Pemerintahan Islam adalah Sistem Khilafah Bukan Sistem Lainnya, online di http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id/2012/09/27/sistem-pemerintahan-islam-adalah-sistem-khilafah-bukan-sistem-lainnya/ (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia, Biografi Pendiri Hizbut Tahrir, http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id/2007/05/20/syaikh-taqiyyuddin-an-nabhani-pendiri-hizbut-tahrir/ (diunduh 3 September 2013).

Hizbut Tahrir, online di http://www.hizbuttahrir.org/, dan lihat juga The American Foreign Policy, Hizb ut-Tahrir, http://almanac.afpc.org/hizb-ut-tahrir (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia, Sejarah Membuktikan, Nasionalisme Lemahkan Umat Islam, online di http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id/2013/05/12/sejarah-membuktikan-nasionalisme-lemahkan-umat-islam/ (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

HTI, online http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id/tentang-kami/Sejarah ringkas Hizbut Tahrir (diunduh 4 September 2013).

HTI, online di http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id/tentang-kami/ Sejarah ringkas Hizbut Tahrir (diunduh 12 September 2013).

ICG, Indonesia: The Dark Side of Jama’ah Ansharut Tauhid (JAT), online di http://www.crisis group.org/en/regions/asia/south-east-asia/indonesia/B107-indonesia-the-dark-side-of-jamaah-ansharut-tauhid-jat.aspx (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

Info Partai, online di http://partai.info/pemilu2009/ (diunduh 2 September 2013).

Jaringan Islam Liberal, Demokrasi dan Puritanisme, online di http://islamlib.com/?site=1&aid= 889&cat=content&title=editorial (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

JPNN, Banyak Ormas asing Langsung Nyelonong ke Daerah, online di http: //www.jpnn.com/read/2013/08/18/186712/Banyak-Ormas-Asing-Langsung-yelonong-ke-Daerah- (diunduh 18 Agustus 2013).

Jaringan Islam Liberal, Islam Indonesia Kini: Moderat Keluar, Ekstrem di Dalam?, online di http://islamlib.com/?site=1&aid=1247&cat=content &title=kolom (diunduh 12 September 2013).

Madjid, Nurcholis, Banyak Jalan Menuju Tuhan, Jakarta, Paramadina, 2013.

Masdar Hilmy, Akar-Akar Transnasionalisme Islam Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia, Online di ejournal.sunan-ampel.ac.id/index.php/ Islamica/article/view/434/33 5 (diunduh 3 Agustus 2013).

Mapping Militants Organization, online di http://www.stanford.edu/group/ mapping militants/cgi-bin/groups/view/21 (diunduh 4 September 2013).

Muhammadiyah Online, Timeline Muhammadiyah, online di http://www. muhammadiyah.or.id/id/content-154-det-timeline-muhammadiyah. html (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

Muktamar Khilafah HTI tanggal 6 Februari 2013. Online di http://bisnis. liputan6. com/read/602544/2000-bus-dicarter-massa-hizbuttahrir-angkutan-umum-aman (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

Muslim Population Worldwide Data, Online di http://www.muslimpopulation.com/asia/ (diunduh 10 Juli 2013).

Muslim Opinion Polls, online di http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/pages /opinion-polls.htm (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

Mulkhan, Abdul Munir, Marhaenis Muhammadiyah, (Yogyakarta: Galangpress, 2010), hal. 32, lihat juga online di http://www.arrahmah .com/news/2013/05/ 14/din-syamsuddin-difasilitasi-hadir-pada-kongres-yahudi-internasional.html (diunduh 10 Juli 2013).

Mykola Kapitonenko, Globalization, Nation State, Global Security Arrangements, Europolis 6/2009, online di http://europolis. politicalanalysis.ro/files/issue6/ kapitonenko.pdf (diunduh 3 Agustus 2013).

NU Online, http: //www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,static-s,detail-lang,id-ids,1-id,9-t, basis+pendukung-.phpx (diunduh 13 September 2013).

NU Online, Sejarah NU, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,static-s, detail-lang,id-ids,1-id,6-t,sejarah-.phpx (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

Nicholas Provenche, Is Islam Compatible with Democracy: A Critical Reexamination of Existing Theory to Establish Renewed Potential, online di http://www.culturaldiplomacy.org/academy/content/pdf/ participant-papers/ 2011-12-cdac/Is-Islam-Compatible-with-Democracy-A-Critical-Reexamination-of-Existing-Theory-to-Establish-Renewed-Potential-Nicholas-Provencher.pdf (diunduh 13 September 2013).

cut, [17.06.20 05:51]
NU Online, Islam Transnasional, KH Hazim Muzadi, tanggal 8 Mei 2007, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,1-id,8920-lang,id-c,warta-t,PBNU+Ideologi+Transnasional+Harus+Di+ Indonesia+kan+Dulu-.phpx (diunduh 3 Agustus 2013).

NU Online, Kiai Marzuki: NKRI Dibangun oleh Para Ulama, online di http: //www.nu.or.id/a, public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,2-id,43661-lang,id-c,daeraht, Kiai+Marzuki++NKRI+Dibangun+oleh+Para+Ulama-.phpx (diunduh 19 Agustus 2013).

NU Online, Gus Sholah: Gerakan Fundamentalisme Agama Ancam Nasionalisme, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,1-id,9017-lang,id-c,warta-t,Gus+Sholah+ Gerakan+ Fundamentalisme+ Agama+Ancam+Nasionalisme-.phpx (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

NU Online, Warta PBNU Akui Ormas Islam Lemah sehingga Muncul Aliran Sesat, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,1-id, 10413-lang,id-c,warta-t,PBNU+Akui+Ormas+Islam+Lemah +sehingga+ Muncul+Aliran+Sesat-.phpx (diunduh 1 September 2013).

NU Online, Jamaah Tabligh, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,dinamic-s, detail-ids,4-id,32537-lang,id-c,kolom-t,Jamaah+Tabligh-.phpx (diunduh 30 Agustus 2013).

NU Online, Wahhabi Perluas Cabang di Indonesia, online di, http://www.nu.or.id/ a,public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,1-id,15797-lang,id-c,warta-t,Wahhabi+ Perluas+++8216+Cabang++8217++di+ Indonesia-.phpx, lihat juga Mengenal Wahhabi, online di http://abna.ir/list.asp? lang=12&gId=2541 (diunduh 2 September 2013).

NU Online, 12 Yayasan Wahhabi Penebar Teror, online di http://kabarislam. wordpress.com/2013/08/23/pbnu-ada-12-yayasan-salafi-Wahhabi-penebar-teror/ (diunduh 4 September 2013).

NU Online, Kelompok Islam Moderat di Indonesia Harus Diperkuat, online di http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-m,dinamic-s,detail-ids,1-id,9581-lang,id-c,warta-t,Kelompok+Islam+Moderat+di+Indonesia+ Harus+Diperkuat-.phpx (diunduh 28 Agustus 2013).

New Age Islam, online di http://www.newageislam.com/radical-islamism-and-jihad/ibn-taymiyyah--the-father-of-islamic-radicalism?--/d/1288 (diunduh 3 September 2013).


Internet :

Tempo, 5 oktober 2011, https://m.tempo.co/read/news/2011/10/05/173360080
Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
Oktorofi, F. (2020). Peran Sat Intelkam dalam Penggalangan Organisasi Masyarakat Uslam Nasional untuk Mencegah Radikalisme. Indonesian Journal of Police Studies, 4(12). Retrieved from https://journal.akademikepolisian.com/index.php/ijps/article/view/446